Vietnam is to be seen now, because in a few years it will completely change , the flow of mass tourism will increase and will change more and more small details that make this country unique, magical and unforgettable.
The tourism sector is growing strongly , thanks to substantial state investment .
In Vietnam, it's an important resource but also negative, tourism here brings a lot of great benefits to the economy, but at the same time it brings environmental degradation, especially biodiversity deterioration and pollution.
Tourism needs investment in human resource (ex. Tourist guides), management and plans focused on the natural environment care, but stakeholders have preferred to focus on infrastructure like hotels, resorts, restaurants and shops.
In the last few years, tourism sector in this country, is based on the short and simple mantra “ BIGGEST IS BEAUTIFUL”.
The search for a mass tourism at all costs has also overshadowed the attention to environmental sustainability.
Today many bulldozers are destroying the beauty of the country to adapt it to tourism. More casinos and other sightseeing attraction for tourists are always built everywhere.
Conservationists lament that poorly planned construction of hydropower plants and coastal resorts is aggravating erosion.
The island's fate seems similar to that of other numerous destinations undergoing the throes of commercialization.
Unspoiled natural spaces become strewn with rubbish and marred by ham-fisted infrastructure projects. More and more natural beautiesare destroyed.
The government in Vietnam has taken preventive measures to avoid the destruction of the area. For example, the management board of Ha Long Bay has undergone extensive training and had developed a great management plan had in hand with UNESCO, but while nature-based tourism provides substantial incentive for environmental preservation, a lot of negative impacts result from the unmanaged influx of visitors in this country.
Without proper infrastructure, waste and other types of pollution will worsen more and more.
In addition, in Vietnam there are several types of culture which includes over 50 distinct ethnic minority groups.
Also in these communities there are negative impacts, especially cultural impacts, because with contact with the outside world they could lose important cultural practices, or, even worse, introduce dangerous practices such as illicit drugs, prostitution and consequent sexually transmitted diseases.
One of the most significant examples of un-sustainable tourism in this country is the Bay of Ha Long, in the north of Vietnam, where the uncontrolled invasion of tourists has increased the level of pollution.
Ha Long is a lovely place, unique in the world, one of the "7 wonders of the world", with its limestone formations, but at the same time it's also a "floating open dump". tourists, sailing between the islets, may notice the presence of smelly water full of trash: waste of tourists and drain oils and liquids discharged into the sea from the baths of the numerous boats that day and night travel the Bay.
Today there is a supervision alarm to the reefs , which are disappearing due to water pollution. Ecologists and scientists define alarming water pollution in this area.
Another important example in Vietnam is Phu Quoc, one of the pearls of Vietnam, in the Gulf of Siam.
This town, for the growing increase in tourist flows, is expanding very quickly its hospitality. Here, some people fear the onset of negative effects of mass tourism, the progressive overbuilding of the coastline and a general phenomenon of people's living style eradication.
In Ha Long there is a very wide choice of accommodation. It ranges from simple hostels by the sea to large hotel chains.
If you want a trip in a beautiful nature, we don’t recommendto go to Vietnam.
But if you like history and politics as identity of a people , this country is for you!y.